FAQs about IT Certifications in the Healthcare Industry

Question and Queries:

Many IT professionals don’t give IT certifications in demand and exams because of the questions they have in their mind. How long will the certification be valid? What happens if I fail the test? What scores do I need to pass? These are only some of the questions that commonly asked by IT professionals. This article will discuss some of the frequently asked questions by IT professionals.

Q1-How many questions will there be on the exam?

There is no specified limit for the questions. Moreover, the number of questions of an exam is bound to change as they have to be updated to keep them in accordance with the current technology. Most of the IT certification exams have about 40-60 questions but this length can vary.

Q2-How much time will I have to complete the exam?

As the number of questions varies from exam to exam, therefore the time also varies. But it is a rule that no exam should exceed from 3-4 hours under normal circumstances. Because the exams are regularly updated, therefore time is subject to change too. MSCA exams are usually 2-3 hours long whereas expert exams are 3-4 hours long. But the basic thing that should be kept in mind that time is dependent on the number of questions.

Q3- Is English the only medium of theexams?

IT certification exams can be given in any language. However, the candidates who give these exams in English can request for 30 extra minutes. Therefore, it’s preferable that the candidates give the exam in English.

Q4-How much do the exams cost?

MCSA, MCSE, MCSD exams typically cost 150 dollars but thecost can vary slightly due to the different currencies in different countries. These exam prices are subject to change. In some countries, additional taxes have to be paid to take these exams.

Q5-When will I get the exam results?

You will know your status, that is, whether you have passed or failed the exam, a few minutes after completing the exam. You will also receive a printed report in which your exam scores, details and feedback will be written. Results of beta exams would be visible on your Microsoft Transcript within two weeks of the exam. Moreover, you will receive your score detail through mail within eight weeks.

Q6-How are exam scores calculated?
After completing the exam, your points scored on each question are summed and compared with your cut score to determine your final score and whether you have passed or failed.

Q7-What score do I need to pass the exam?

In MSCA, MSCE, and MSCD exams, if your scored is greater than 700, you will be considered to have passed the exam. Otherwise, you will be considered as failed.

Q8-If I don’t pass the exam, can I refund?

No, the fee is not refunded to you in case you don’t pass the exam or if you miss the exam appointment completely.

Q9-What is the Re Certification requirement?

In order to ensure that the IT Certification exams are considered important in the market, you will have to recertify every three years. Some IT certifications have to be renewed after every two years.

The above mentioned questions are commonly asked by most people related to the IT field. Now these questions have been thoroughly answered. All this information will definitely motivate the IT professionals to give certification exams without any hesitation.

MSM for Dog by Pear and Berry Does the Job

MSM for Dogs

MSM is a supplement for dogs which supports their joint function and connective tissue health, similar to the well known glucosamine for dogs supplement. Many pet owners use MSM to keep their pets in an ideal shape. This article discusses some of the major queries about MSM, such as:“what is MSM” and “what are its benefits” etc.


What is MSM?

MSM stands for methylsulfonylmethane. It is a sulphur-containing compound produced in the dog’s body. It enters the body along with amino acids. It also occurs naturally in ocean planktons. This compound is quite water soluble. It evaporates quickly and it is destroyed by cooking or storage.

Importance of MSM:

msm for dogsMSM is very important to dogs as it is a source of sulphur, which is present in almost every cell of the body. However, the highest sulphur concentrations are found in nails, hair, skin and joints. Sulphur is essential for the formation of blood proteins, connective tissue and healthy skin. As a dog ages, the MSM concentration begins to decrease. Low concentrations of MSM in the body of the dog can lead to psychological and physical disorder, tissue malfunction and fatigue. MSM supplements need to be given to the dogs which can help to increase the level of sulphur in the body. It has been proved to be safe for dogs. It is also very useful in the treatment of arthritis and other joint disorders in dogs.

Functions / Benefits of MSM:

When to Give MSM to Your Dog?
MSM has proved to be very beneficial for dogs in a variety of disorders. It is beneficial for dogs having:

  • Digestive problems
  • Skin problems
  • Allergies
  • Eye problems
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Arthritis
  • Parasites in their bodies, like tape worm and round worms

Does Your Dog Need MSM Supplements?

One thing that deserves special mention here is that MSM is naturally found in a variety of foods. Some of the foods in which it is present in are nuts, vegetables, eggs, cheese, milk, meat and fruits. Healthy and youthful dogs don’t need MSM supplements. However, any dog with the above-mentioned problems should be given these supplements. Dogs on commercial pet food should be given these supplements, because MSM is destroyed easily by cooking and during storage.

Benefits of MSM:

Two major benefits of MSM are mentioned below:

MSM- An Antioxidant:

MSM acts as an antioxidant, helping to flush toxins from cells and in cleaning the blood stream. MSM also makes the cells more permeable. When the skin cells become more permeable, toxic materials can be removed from the body through the skin. This nullifies the burden on kidneys and liver. MSM itself is not a cure for allergies. However, it may help lessen the symptoms associated with different kinds of allergies.

MSM- A Joint Healer:

MSM is very effective in relieving pain and inflammation. As already mentioned, MSM gives flexibility and permeability to the cells. As a result, fluids can pass through more easily. This helps reduce and even eliminate the pain, which results from inflammation.

MSM, Glucosamine and Chondroitin:

In conclusion, MSM is very beneficial for dogs. However, other supplements like chondroitin and glucosamine are also recommended by experts. Most of the experts agree that these three supplements are interchangeable, but taking a combination of these can certainly prove to be more beneficial than taking any one of them alone.

Glucosamine for Dogs

Pet owners are in need of great glucosamine for dogs more than ever. Many people who have dogs needing glucosamine supplements also take glucosamine supplements themselves. It probably crosses these people’s minds to give their dog supplements that are intended for their own use. There are a few reasons why this is not the best decision.

glucosamine for dogsThere is no real difference between the active ingredients in supplements intended for dogs and those intended for humans. The glucosamine generally comes from the same sources, as does the chondroitin that is usually in the same supplement. Glucosamine is often taken from animal sources such as shellfish, cows or pigs. Some vegetarian supplements are made from corn or wheat. Glucosamine sulfate is the supplement that is rated most effective by clinical trials.

Despite the fact that the glucosamine in human and canine supplements is the same, it is better to give dogs supplements intended only for dogs. This is because supplements made for humans often have ingredients that could be unhealthy for your dog, like artificial sweeteners and other flavorings. These ingredients do not generally cause side effects in humans. However, they can cause digestive problems and other issues when they are given to dogs, especially if you give them to your dog over a long period of time.

Glucosamine for dogs does not have the artificial flavorings and sweeteners that make the supplements more appealing to the human palate. High-quality supplements usually also do not contain common dog allergens like corn and other grains, and they are flavored naturally with chicken or other meat. This makes them much healthier for your dog. Supplements can also double as treats, since they are flavored to make them more palatable to dogs.

When your dog is happy to take the supplements you give him, it’s easier to make sure he gets the recommended dosage of glucosamine. Dogs may not like the taste of human supplements, which often come in liquid or powder forms that can make it difficult for your dog to eat or drink them. The sweeteners and artificial flavorings may make the supplement taste bitter or odd to your dog, who may not want to take it. Dog supplements are much easier to convince your dog to take, since you can offer them as treats.

Even dog glucosamine supplements that do not come in the form of chews, treats or biscuits can be much easier to give than human formulas. Powders and liquids are still usually flavored to make them as tasty as possible. These formulations may taste meaty, or even like gravy. It is easy to sprinkle or pour these over your dog’s food, making meal time even more appetizing.

Even if it is not difficult to get your dog to take supplements made for humans, it is better for her health to take supplements intended specifically for dogs. Supplements formulated for dogs are made with the dietary needs of most dogs in mind. Ingredients that could cause problems or side effects in dogs are not included in dog supplements, making them a better option for your dog’s glucosamine needs.

How to Manage Oily Skin

Skin care for people who have oily skin can be a tricky prospect. Many commercial moisturizers, even ones that are marketed as non-comedogenic, can clog pores and cause acne. Many others have oils that can make the skin excessively oily and shiny. What generally occurs in most people’s skin care regimen is that the products people use are not strong enough to treat oiliness very well, or the products are too strong and strip away needed oils, making the skin compensate by producing even more oils than normal. Therefore, people with oily skin usually end up trying to walk a fine line between not strong enough and too strong.

One thing that is often enough to rein in an oily complexion is to eliminate certain kinds of products from your skin care regimen. Most commercial products have ingredients like sodium laurel sulfate oily skinor other sulfates in them. These ingredients cause foaming action. However, they also have a detrimental effect on your skin. Sulfates can end up drying your skin, which often leads to overproduction of oil. Many people use products with sulfates for much of their lives and have “oily” skin the whole time. This can actually cause several more problems as well, since people with oily skin often resort to harsh exfoliation to try to keep their “oily” skin under control. This usually just makes the problem even worse and sends people into a vicious cycle of ever-harsher treatments when all that is really needed is to just cut sulfates out of their skin care regimens.

tissue skinGlycerin cleansers and soaps are often better for oily skin than other cleansers and soaps. Many commercial cleansers have detergents in them that are too harsh for the skin, causing irritation that the skin responds to by increasing oil production. Glycerin is a natural moisturizer that help keep the skin’s natural oils in place, but when used in a soap it dissolves surface oils and gets rid of them. The effect is that the oils your skin needs to keep it healthy and moisturized remain in place, while excess surface oils are washed away. Washing your face at least twice a day with a glycerin soap may help keep excess surface oils from building up, reducing a shiny appearance on the skin and keeping the surface relatively dry.

If you use makeup, look for water-based formulas of foundations, since oil-based is likely just to make your oily skin even worse. Many people opt not to use foundation at all, and instead use spot concealers covered with powder to even out the skin tone, since complete coverage makeup often just slides off the face anyway. The less you cover your face with makeup, the more the skin will be able to “breathe” and slough oil and dead skin cells off. You can use astringent wipes or oil-blotting paper to get rid of excess oil during the day. Salicylic acid wipes can reduce oiliness, but make sure not to rely too much on these products, since they can often dry the skin; if you are having a problem with this, you may want to switch to witch hazel. This will keep your skin from overproducing oil and will prevent a shiny appearance.

Heal Acne with Essential Oils

When you’re having trouble in your ongoing fight with acne, using essential oils may seem counter-intuitive. Oils are commonly identified as one of the main causes of acne, so adding more oils may seem like it would only make the problem worse. However, with smart usage, essential oils can actually help you treat your blemishes. Some may even be more effective than commercially produced medications. This is because essential oils do not have all of the harsh chemicals that are in commercially produced products that can make your skin break out even more.

Essential oils are made with botanical extracts placed in a carrier oil. Many botanical extracts have antimicrobial properties that can reduce the amount of acne-causing bacteria on the skin and in your pores, which can heal you blemishes and prevent new ones from occurring.

acneEssential oils can also be helpful in reducing scars from blemishes. Some essential oils have properties that heal blemishes quickly and nourish the skin so that scars do not form. The antimicrobial properties of the oil heals the infection, which has a major effect on preventing scars from forming. Other essential oils can work on already existing scars and make them fade partially or even completely. Five essential oils in particular are very good for people of all skin types to use when trying to treat acne.

Tea tree oil is a staple skin and hair care product for many people with oily complexions. It is an excellent treatment for acne because it has astringent properties that help tone the skin and make it healthier so that scarring will be less likely. It also kills bacteria, keeping new blemishes from forming. Niaouli oil has similar properties and can be used instead of tea tree oil.

Rose oil has antiseptic properties. It also nourishes the skin by providing emollients and softening the tissue.

Bergamot oil is another oil that is good for oily skin. It is antibacterial. It also has a drying effect on the skin, making it useful in spot treatments and in all-over treatments for people with oily skin.

Lavender oil is used in many natural skin care products because of its soothing properties. It is good for relieving redness from blemishes, and it can also help prevent future breakouts.

Clove oil is an effective spot treatment. It should be used sparingly, since it can cause burns to the skin when it is used at full strength.

Using Essential Oils

It is important to be careful when using essential oils to treat acne, since most of them are potent enough to cause burns when they are not diluted. Many people choose to put a few drops of the essential oil into a carrier oil like grapeseed or jojoba oil. These oils will not clog pores and will allow the essential oils to work their magic. The essential oil blend can be used instead of moisturizer twice a day. Moisturizing is important even if you have acne, since it can inhibit excessive oil production.